In educational institutes english is taught a compulsory subject. The direct method of teaching english is one the most widely known methods. It has had different names, but it has been used by language teachers for many years. It enjoyed immense popularity because it overcame the two major defects of the grammartranslation method.
As latin transitioned from being a language heard on the streets into a language subject, studying it took on a different reasoning. Dmt grammar translation method l1 first languagemother tongue. It is a method of teaching languages by which students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating between the target language and the native language. Grammar translation method, in order to both understand how it works and why it has shown such tenacity as an acceptable e ven recommended or respected language teaching philosophy in many countries and institutions around the world. This grammar translation method is also called classical method of teaching english.
This purpose can be reached by learning about the grammar rules and vocabulary of the target language. Conclusion grammar translation method gtm is on of classical method that is used in teaching foreign language. Translation procedures, strategies and methods by mahmoud ordudari abstract translating culturespecific concepts cscs in general and allusions in particular seem to be one of the most challenging tasks to be performed by a translator. Pdf a survey of teaching strategies in esl classroom. Summary of the principles of the grammar translation method the objective of the method is to be able to read and understand written target language literature. Translation in teaching and learning is the heritage of the grammar translation method gtm developed many centuries ago. The grammartranslation method became the system used to teach dead languages like latin and greek for an academic and intellectual function. The purpose of the grammar translation method was to help students read and understand foreign language literature larsenfreeman, 2000. The grammar translation method is a foreign language teaching method derived from the classical sometimes called traditional method of teaching greek and latin. Sometimes also known as the classical method, this is a traditional teaching technique that was used to teach latin and greek and was particularly in vogue during the 16th century. From the turn of the nineteenth century until the late 1940s, the. The objective of this study was to conduct a contrastive study of grammar translation method gtm and direct method dm at secondary level to assess how far each method is effective in teaching. Pdf this chapter emerged out of the need to demonstrate how a traditional but still a widely implemented language teaching method, i.
To be able to read literature written in the target language. Gtm, formalized in germany in the late18th century, similarly places little or no emphasis on actually speaking or. The method used to teach it overwhelmingly bore those objectives in mind, and came to be known as the classical method. Teacher followed grammar translation method gtm, and i found that was. A study of the teaching and learning of english grammar in the chinese junior secondary school by yao ju a thesis presented to the department of literature, area studies and european languages faculty of humanities the university of oslo in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the ma degree autumn semester, 2010. Jan 10, 2015 this article briefly explains the goals and characteristics of grammar translation method villamin et al. In grammar translation method, the first language is maintained as the reference system in the learning of the second language. In the teaching of english as foreign language, it has enjoyed a great reputation in the past at present also, many teachers prefer to teach english by this method. The main purpose of this method is to enrich their literature and language reading proficiency as well.
But since the last decade of the 20 th century, revival of interest in the use of translation and use of l1 in foreign language teaching has been noticeable. Material is first presented orally with actions or pictures. A historical perspective it has been estimated that 60 percent of the world population is multilingual. In eclectic approach, the teacher can choose from these different methods and approaches. Nov 11, 2011 a survey of teaching strategies in esl classroom 317 was called classical method, as it was taught firstl y in the teaching of the classical languages latin and greek freeman, 2000. Grammar translation method essay sample sample essays. The grammar translation method derived from traditional approaches to the teaching of latin and greek and it was the predominant method in europe in the 19th century. A contrastive study of the grammar translation and the direct. As we mentioned before that the main objectives of the grammar translation method are to enrich the latin and greek literature in order to get the benefit of the mental discipline and intellectual abilities which is the result from the foreign language study. How a method is manifest in the class oom will depend heavily on the individual teachers interpretatit n of its principles. The believers in the natural method argued that a foreign language could be taught without translation or the use of the learners native tongue if meaning was conveyed directly through demonstration and action. Didarul islam and others published a lesson plan based on grammar translation method find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. However, in the 16th century, french, italian and english became dominant in spoken and written communication. Find grammar translation method lesson plans and teaching resources.
To memorize grammar rules and vocabulary of the target language. Elaborate explanations of grammar are always provided. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the grammar. Pdf grammar translation method gtm versus communicative. The main objectives of the grammar translation method are given below. Grammar translation method gtm versus communicative. The objective of this study was to conduct a contrastive study of grammar translation method gtm and direct method dm at secondary level to assess how far each method is effective in teaching a foreign language. The direct method the direct method began as a complete departure from the grammartranslation method. As the grammar translation method has been practiced as the most popular one for the teaching of second languages, therefore, we inaugurate our research with the discussion on this method. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the grammartranslation method in teaching english language as second language. Objectives the ultimate objective to be able to read, understand and. A contrastive study of the grammar translation and the direct methods of teaching.
Vocabulary words are chosen from the reading text used. Aqel department of english language and literature, faculty of arts, mutah university, jordan abstract the goal of this research is to investigate the effect of using grammar translation method on acquiring english as a foreign language. Specifically, both grammartranslation method and communicative language teaching method were compared and contrasted. Grammar translation approach in this method, classes are taught in the students mother tongue, with little active use of the target language. The effect of using grammar translation method on acquiring english as a foreign language ishraq m. Structurally, from nine twentieth century there are nine of approaches that are integrated into many methods celcemurcia, 2001. Grammar translation method is the oldest method of learning any language. Howatts a history of english language teaching gives a detailed account of the factors that contributed to the grammar translation method.
In this method, classes are taught in the students mother tongue, with little active use of. At one time it was called the classical method since it was first used in the teaching of the classical languages, latin and greek chastain 1988. Because nobody spoke it in daily affairs, proper pronunciation, diction, etc. Dec, 20 the grammar translation method of teaching english the grammar translation method is a method of teaching foreign languages derived from the classical method of teaching greek and latin late 19th and early 20th centuries it was essentially based on the use of l1mother tongue and l2target language 3. Latin and greek were taught to promote the intellect and virtually no attempt was made to speak them. Due to the system of education, due to the nonavailability of the. In grammar translation classes, students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating sentences between the target language and the native language. Grammartranslation method the teacher set of instruments. In pakistan english is the second language of people. Teaching approaches grammar transalation method free download as powerpoint presentation.
It enjoyed immense popularity because it overcame the two major defects of the grammar translation method. The grammar translation method is a method of teaching foreign languages derived from the classical sometimes called traditional method of teaching greek and latin. Jun 22, 2007 the method used to teach it overwhelmingly bore those objectives in mind, and came to be known as the classical method. Vocabulary is taught in the form of isolated word lists. Five hundred years ago, latin was widely used in religion, government and trade. Grammar translation method is basically used to teach. Comparative study of grammar translation method gtm and. This method usually teaches the classical or dead language for example. How to use the grammar translation method simplyeducate. Grammar translation method is a foreign language teaching method that originated in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Introduce translations as transformations that move figures in horizontal and vertical distances with a video that shows how to translate the figures. The culture of the target language is confined to the literature and the fine arts literary language is superior to spoken language. Foundations level one level two level three students will build an elementary understanding of. Dec 09, 2017 the grammar translation method in language teaching is better known as the grammar translation method. Pdf the grammartranslation method and the use of translation. Grammar translation method, teaching methods, direct method. Direct method, the audiolingual method, the silent way, suggestopedia, community language learning, the total physical response method, and the communicative approach. The direct method this method came into practice as a solution for the problems confronted by the teachers who used the grammar translation method in their classrooms. It is also called the classical method of teaching english. Gtm, formalized in germany in the late18th century, similarly. To realize that objective there are many methods that have appeared in field of teaching esl and efl.
The origin of this method lie in an attempt to teach languages by grammar and translation where the learners have to gather. A second video covers how to determine the translation that has occurred. The direct method, also called natural method, was established in germany and france around 1900. The focal goal is grounded in determining whether clt alone is an allcure approach. A contrastive study of the grammar translation and the. They are told to be willing to read one or two sentences given in the reading passage and translate these sentences into their mother tongue arabic. Gabriel tejada molina, maria luisa perez canado, and gloria luque agullo faculty of humanities and education, university of jaen 1. The grammartranslation method is a method of teaching foreign languages derived from the. Gtm teaching approach in elt grammar translation method for elt all you need intro and practice detail more. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the grammar translation method in teaching english language as second language. Pdf the effectiveness of grammar translation method in.
Grammar translation method was called the classical method since it was first used in the teaching of the classical language, latin and greek chastain 1988. Translation method means teaching a target language here it. What are its advantages and disadvantages in teaching english language. Pdf a lesson plan based on grammar translation method. A study of the teaching and learning of english grammar in the chinese junior secondary school by yao ju. I have chosen these two approaches because, in my activities might be suitable for one person and wrong for. The major focus is on reading and writing with little or no systematic attention to listening and speaking. To better describe the approach, we classify the variables involved in gtm instruction settings into 6 components.
The english lecturer still implemented the conventional method in teaching such as grammar translation, audio lingual and direct method in which he tended to directly ask them to create and memorize dialogues without giving enough time to practice together and take part in speaking activities. Grammar translation method objectives, techniques and. Advantages and disadvantages of grammar translation methods. It substituted language contact for grammar recitation and language use for translation. Lesson plan the direct method, also called natural method, was established in germany and france around 1900. Latin was the worlds most used language, today, english. It is now more commonly known in foreign language teaching circles as the grammar translation method. A chart outlines characteristics of these aspects of the methods. Using translation in esp teaching and learning is an important issue but it has been very scarcely researched so far because of the negative connotations with the grammar translation method. Both of them are very interesting methods but they have the very obvious differences in terms of the approach and history of theory since gtm is a very classic method in contrast clt is one of the latest methods that is used by. It also includes some ideas in teaching english as a second or foreign language. T is to supply the most suitable translation when possible.
Initial principles of grammar translation method this has been just a brief introduction to the grammar translation method, but it is probably true that this method is not new to many of you. Objectives most teachers who employ the grammar translation method to teach english would probably tell. Grammar is the soul of language and a foreign language can be easily learnt through translation. The advocates of this method believed that a language was best. It is a method for teaching foreign languages that uses the target language, discarding any use of mother tongue in the classroom. Pdf grammar translation method gtm sandy armansyah. Ofcourse, what is decribed here is only an abstraction. Principles of grammar translation method bocahsuwungs blog. Lesson plan based on grammar translation method gtm when teaching grammar using gtm, ss are seated in rows. Foundations level one level two level three students will build an elementary understanding of form, meaning and use in varied discourse settings. The grammar translation method introduction the grammar translation method is not new.
For some, the grammar translation method is not a method, but a nontheorybased approach. Instead of focusing on reading and writing, this method focused on speaking and listening. But then, conservatively or conventionally most of the teachers are happy at explaining the meaning of a text in english language, as if it is a subject. This paper is going to elaborate about the grammar translation method gtm that. The grammar translation method embraces a wide range of approaches but, broadly speaking, foreign language study is seen as a mental discipline, the goal of which may be to read literature in its original form or simply to be a form of intellectual development. In the gtm, students native language is the medium of instruction and they are expected to gain translation skills good enough to be able to analyze the grammar rules of the target language made. The following are the advantages of the translation method for teaching of english as second language. How does this method fit with a cognitive approach to second language teaching. By the end of the lesson ss will be able to fluent in.
The grammartranslation method and the use of translation to. As the name suggests, this is a method of teaching english directly through english. To be able to translate from one language to another. Students will be able to recognize and understand the meaning of targeted grammatical structures in written and spoken form. Lesson plan based on grammar translation method gtm. The focus at this time was on the translation of texts, grammar, and rote learning of vocabulary. A study of the teaching and learning of english grammar in.
Grammar translation method gtm versus communicative language teaching clt. As larsenfreeman explains, at one time, the grammar translation method was called the classical method since it was first used in the teaching of the classical languages. Lessons begin with a dialogue using a modern conversational style in the target language. The direct and the grammar translation methods english. This approach became known as the grammar translation method, originated in germany. The effectiveness of grammar translation method in. You wouldnt be using it to buy apples at the market, in any case. It appeared as an answer to the shortcomings of the grammar translation method. Nov 14, 2015 advantages and disadvantages of grammar translation methods the advantages of the grammar translation method. Comparative study of grammar translation method gtm and communicative language teaching clt in language teaching methodology their lessons. This method has enjoyed a very good reputation among the indian teachers and the students, still enjoying. It was rather widespread for learning foreign languages, though by the end of the century moves towards the direct method were noticed. Grammar instruction provides the rules for putting words together.
The grammar translation method gtm is an method of second language instruction based mostly on the translation of passages from the native language into the target language. Comparative study of grammar translation method gtm. You may have studied a language in this way, or you may be teaching with this method right now. Lesson plan of classification of animals according to eating habits general science grade iv.531 259 678 417 705 942 1392 310 1452 1283 151 603 589 621 32 1491 937 1399 443 540 386 595 957 12 1264 31 1048 12 173 953 657 1247